The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched The National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) on 23rd September 2013. The aim of this was to provide self-employment opportunities and skilled wage employment. It also aims to increase the income in rural areas by providing the rural youth with employment opportunities and making sure that they have better access to financial resources.
The basic factor that motivates this scheme is that the people in rural areas should have access to proper guidance and resources, which would in return, help them find employment opportunities. These jobs are meant to provide them with an income that is higher than that of a daily wage worker. The amount earned by daily wage workers is usually considered unstable. A regular income empowers the rural youth and makes them financially independent. This regular income is highly motivating for them, and they may even one-day go ahead to start their own business. A very important factor to be taken into account is that the people in rural areas are highly driven and motivated individuals who do not have access to basic resources and support.
The first aim of the mission is to build strong institutions for the poor at the grassroots level and then eventually connect them with the entrepreneurial and startup revolution of India. Another important aim of the mission is to provide the urban poor with a shelter that is equipped with all the basic necessities that they usually do not have access to.
In addition to this, the mission also focuses on the livelihood issues faced by the urban street vendors, by providing them access to social security, suitable spaces, institutional credit and skills development for urban vendors to enable them to have access to new and emerging market opportunities.
Employment Through Skills Training and Placement (EST&P):
The Employment Through Skills Training and Placement (EST&P) component of the NULM is designed to focus on the skill development of the urban poor people and to upgrade their skills that already exist. The main target of the scheme includes the urban poor who are more prone to vulnerability in terms of employment and helps provide them with the skills required to find employment. This includes the highest quality of training so that they can go on to find employment all over the country. The mission also makes sure to empower them so that they can one day set up their own business and fulfil their entrepreneurial dreams.
Another important thing that the mission does is to bridge the gap between demand and availability of the workforce by providing the young, motivated youth with skill training programs in accordance with industry standards and demands.
AISECT has been implementing this mission since 2014, in four states, namely Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.
Here are some of the main principles of the National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM)
- The poor people belonging to rural areas have a strong urge to get themselves and their families out of poverty, and they, unfortunately, lack the resources and means to do this. They are highly skilled and motivated individuals, which is why the NULM scheme helps them hone their skills and provides them with job opportunities to empower them.
- The scheme helps them gain access to their true potential. With the help of social mobilization, strong institutions are built to help the rural poor.
- A strong emphasis is placed on marketing, building skills, credit and providing them with access to other resources.
7 crore rural households in 600 districts, 6000 blocks, 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats and 6 lakh villages are covered under the scheme, all over the country. This is made easier because of self-help groups that are managed by rural individuals. These self-help groups help the poor people in rural areas find better access to livelihood and employment opportunities. The scheme also helps them have more access to their rights, entitlements and public services. The NULM scheme also believes in using the pre-existing skills of rural people. This is done by providing the rural youth with good quality training and assistance that they can use to find employment opportunities.
Here are some of the key features of the scheme
- Scheme of shelter for urban homeless (SUH)
- Support to urban street vendors (SUSV)
- Social mobilization and institution development (SM&ID)
- Employment through skills training and placement (EST&P)
- Capacity building and training (CBT)
- Self-employment program (SEP)
- Innovative and special project (ISP)
The target group of the scheme includes people belonging to urban poor families, homeless people, street vendors, and people from these sections of society that wish to be a part of the entrepreneurship revolution in India.